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        云南普洱茶傳統加工制作技藝

        發布時間:2015-05-22來源:系統管理員

        云南普洱茶傳統制作技藝

              云南是世界茶樹發源地,全國乃至全世界各種各樣茶葉的根源大多在云南的普洱茶產區。普洱茶歷史非常悠久,早在三千多年前武王伐紂時期,云南種茶先民濮人就已經獻茶給周武王,只不過那時還沒有普洱茶這個名稱。元朝時有一地名叫“步日部”,由于后來寫成漢字,就成了“普耳”(當時“耳”無三點水)。普洱一詞首見于此,從此名震國內外,直到明朝末年,才改叫普洱茶。三國時期 “武侯遺種”,在一千七百多年前的農歷七月二十三日打開了普洱茶話史。“茶山有茶王樹,較五山獨大,本武侯遺種,至今夷民祀之。”(檀萃《滇海虞衡志》)。

              以傳統手工制作技藝精制的,通過自然發酵的生茶,在通風、干燥、無異味的條件下可以長期保存,儲存年限越長,口感越佳、價值逐年增長,像紅酒一樣具備保值增值的收藏功能,被稱為“可以喝的古董”。現在泛指云南瀾滄江流域的大葉種喬木科曬青毛茶為原料,經后發酵加工成而的散茶和緊壓茶。外形色澤褐紅,內質湯色金黃透亮,香氣獨特陳香,滋味醇厚回甘,葉底褐紅。

              云南普洱茶傳統加工制作技藝起源于清?雍正十年。即公元1732年,鄂爾泰任云貴總督期間,在滇設茶葉局,統管云南茶葉貿易。鄂爾泰勒令云南各茶山茶園頂級普洱茶由國家統一收購,挑選一流制茶師手工精制,并親自督辦,在貢茶上印《鄂爾泰》私寶,進貢朝廷,正式列入《貢茶案冊》。有鄂爾泰印的頂級普洱茶,不但深受雍正皇帝喜愛,“譽滿京城”;更成為大清帝國贈送給各國皇室的邦交國禮,一度靡歐美,深受英、法、德、意等國皇宮貴族的喜愛,在歐美國家有“東方瑰寶”、“美容茶”、“修體茶”的美譽。兩個世紀以來,鄂爾泰貢茶代表了云南頂級的制茶技藝和云南普洱茶的頂級品質。擁有一餅手工精制的純料古樹普洱茶餅,一直是各國皇室貴族專享的禮遇,是尊貴身份和顯赫地位的象征。普洱茶的榮耀一直持續到清末民初,至宣統三年停貢。

              2006年,在云南各級政府的領導下,傳承普洱茶貢茶制作技藝的茶農、茶園和手工作坊以傳承和保護云南普洱茶傳統制作技藝為宗旨,聯合成立了云南易武正山茶葉有限公司。

              云南易武正山茶葉有限公司本著保護和傳承云南普洱茶傳統制作技藝的宗旨,傳承和恢復了明代、清代普洱茶傳統制作技藝,保護和傳承了以鄂爾泰品牌為首的二十多個老字號普洱茶品牌。保護單位多次代表云南參展了2008年北京奧運會、2010年上海世博會等國際頂級盛會。代表云南普洱茶頂級原料和制作技藝的鄂爾泰貢茶多次作為國禮,代表云南、代表中國贈送給各國元首政要和皇室貴族。奧后,在各國商家盛情邀請之下,云南省級非物質文化遺產普洱茶傳統制作技藝保護單位傳承和保護的老字號普洱茶品牌走進世界頂級私人會所、球會、俱樂部等上流社會人士聚集地,逐漸成為世界各國貴族和特權階層的日常消費品之一,成為奢侈品消費群體首選的中國茶葉品牌之一。云南普洱茶再次走向世界,走向輝煌,為云南邊疆貧困地區人們生活改善起到了積極的促進作用,帶動了數十萬邊疆貧困地區茶農脫貧致富。

              云南普洱茶傳統制作技藝,融匯了數千年中國傳統茶文化的精髓,是云南的瑰寶,是云南勞動人民智慧的結晶,是中國的瑰寶。

        云南茶文化博物館


        云南省文化和旅游廳 云南省非物質文化遺產保護中心
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